Nobel peace prize 2019
Nobel peace prize 2019 was announced by the Norwegian Nobel Committee in Oslo (Norway). Norwegian Nobel Committee is a five-member committee appointed by the Parliament of Norway. This year the Nobel peace prize was awarded to Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed for his efforts to achieve peace and international cooperation, and in particular for his decisive initiative to resolve the border conflict with neighboring Eritrea.
History of Nobel Peace Prize
Nobel Peace Prize was established by the Swedish Alfred Nobel in 1901. It is awarded annually to the person who has done significant work to promote peace. The awardee receives a diploma, a medal, and a prize amount. In 1901, the first Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to two persons namely Jean Henry Dunant (Switzerland) and Frédéric Passy (France). It is the only Nobel prize which is awarded in Oslo, Norway whereas the Nobel Prizes in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine and Literature are awarded in Stockholm, Sweden.
About Abiy Ahmed Ali
Abiy Ahmed Ali is the prime minister of Ethiopia. He was born on August 15, 1976, in Ethiopia. The 43-year-old politician is the youngest leader of Africa who took such a big step that resulted in resolving the long-running conflict with neighboring country Eritrea.
Reason behind the conflict between Ethiopian and Eritrea
Border issues were the main reason behind the conflict that resulted in a war between 1998 and 2000. And this war had claimed numerous innocent lives.
Peace agreement between Ethiopian and Eritrea
The 20-year-old stalemate between Ethiopian and Eritrea that started in the wake of the 1998-2000 disputed border issue finally ended on September 16, 2018, when the leaders of both countries namely Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed and Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki signed a peace agreement in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. This peace agreement was signed in the presence of Saudi Arabia’s King Salman, Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, and United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres.