Nobel Prize for Medicine or Physiology 2019
Nobel Prize for medicine 2019 was announced by the Karolinska Institute of Sweden. It is awarded annually. This year the prize has been awarded jointly to three persons namely William G. Kaelin Jr(American), Gregg L. Semenza(American) and Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe (British) for their contributions to discover how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability. It is the 110th prize in Medicine or Physiology since it was awarded for the first time in 1901. 9 million kronor (918,000 US Dollars) is the award prize for this and this award prize is shared equally among them.
About Nobel prize for Medicine or Physiology
Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology is one of the five Nobel Prizes. It is awarded to those scientists and doctors who contributed significantly to the field of Medicine or Physiology. It is awarded annually by the Swedish Karolinska Institute. The first time it was awarded in 1901 to Emil Adolf von Behring (Germany). Recipients of this award are selected by the Nobel committee after considering their contribution in the field of Medicine or Physiology.
Brief about 2019 Winners of Nobel Prize in Medicine
William G. Kaelin Jr
William Kaelin Jr was born on 23 November 1957 in New York (USA). Currently, he is a professor at Harvard University in the medicine department. He has played a significant role in discovering how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability.
Gregg L. Semenza
Gregg L. Semenza was born on July 12, 1956, in New York(USA). Currently, he is a professor of Medicine at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine(United States). For discovering how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability he also contributed significantly.
Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe
Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe was born on May 14, 1954, in Lancashire(England). Currently, he is a physician-scientistt in Britain. He has also played an important role in discovering how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability.
2018 Winners of Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology
In 2018, this Nobel Prize was awarded for the discovery of cancer therapy by inhibition of negative immune regulation to two persons namely
1-James P. Allison(AMERICA)
2- Tasuku Honjo(JAPAN)